FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT COORDINATION & CONTROL

 FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT : COORDINATION AND CONTROL     COORDINATION    “The Harmonization of activities of different work groups and departments.”   Coordination is the orderly arrangement of individual and group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of a common goal. All these departments must function in an integrated manner … Read more

Motives

 BEHAVIOR : LEARNING AND MOTIVATION     Classification and types of motives, Theories of work motivation, Assessment of motivation     A need or motive directs us to act or behave in a particular way towards a certain goal or in other terms “It indicates the inner state of mind that energizes, activates … Read more

Management Intro

 MANAGEMENT     Management is a process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, accomplish selected aims. In other words,” It is the accomplishment of Goals through others.” Management has been used in different senses. Sometimes it refers to the process of planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating … Read more

Personality

 BEHAVIOR- PERSONALITY THEORIES       What is Personality :-   It is a stable set of internal characteristics and tendencies that determines the psychological behavior of people. It is particular pattern of behaviour and thinking that prevail across time and contexts and differentiates one person from other.   In simple  terms “Personality … Read more

PERFORMANCE & EFFICIENCY AUDITING

 PERFORMANCE AUDIT     Meaning   An independent examination of the efficiency and effectiveness of government undertakings, programs or organisations, with due regard to economy, and the aim of leading to improvements”.   Performance audit is simply an audit of sound financial management, namely of the economy, efficiency and effectiveness with which audited … Read more

Resposiblity Accounting

 RESPONSIBILITY ACCOUNTING   Responsibility accounting is a management control system based on the principles of delegating and locating responsibility. The authority is delegated on responsibility centre and accounting for the responsibility centre. Responsibility accounting is a system under which managers are given decisions making authority and responsibility for each activity occurring within a … Read more

PDCA Cycle

 PDCA Cycle Plan, Do, Check, Act (PDCA)  is a well-known and respected approach to helping teams plan and implement a solution to a problem, often testing it on a micro scale and reviewing the results before agreeing how to proceed. PDCA encourages an engaged, problem-solving workforce – the method is not limited to … Read more

DETERMINANTS OF PERSONALITY

 DETERMINANTS OF PERSONALITY   Personality is a result of the combination of four factors –   Physical environment Heridity Culture Particular experiences.   Personality and Environment:   Geographical environment sometimes determines cultural variability. That the Eskimos have a culture different … Read more

Social Accounting

 SOCIAL ACCOUNTING   Social accounting can be defined as a set of organisational activities that deals with the measurement and analysis of the social performance of organisations and the reporting of results to concerned groups, both within and outside the organisation.   Social accounting, also known as national income accounting, is a method … Read more

Auditing

 AUDITING   Auditing is the on-site verification activity, such as inspection or examination, of a process or quality system, to ensure compliance to requirements. An audit can apply to an entire organization or might be specific to a function, process, or production step.    Meaning of Auditing:   Auditing is an examination … Read more

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