SOURCE OF FINANCE

 SOURCE OF FINANCE     Sources of finance are the most explored area especially for the entrepreneurs about to start a new business. It is perhaps the toughest part of all the efforts. There are various sources of finance classified based on time period, ownership and control, and source of generation of finance. … Read more

Decision Making Under Uncertainty

 Decision making under uncertainty The area of choice under uncertainty represents the heart of decision theory. Known from the 17th century (Blaise Pascal invoked it in his famous wager, which is contained in his Pensées, published in 1670), the idea of expected value is that, when faced with a number of actions, each of which could give rise … Read more

Partnership

 PARTNERSHIP   Partnership : Partnership is an association of two or more parties, they put money for business.         Simple Partnership: Simple partnership is one in which the capitals of the partners are invested for the same time. The profit or losses are divided among the partners in the ratio … Read more

WEALTH MAXIMIZATION

 WEALTH MAXIMIZATION     Concept:     Wealth maximization is the concept of increasing the value of a business in order to increase the value of the shares held by stockholders. The concept requires a company’s management team to continually search for the highest possible returns on funds invested in the business, while … Read more

INTERNAL CONTROL

 INTERNAL CONTROL     An internal control is a procedure or policy put in place by management to safeguard assets, promote accountability, increase efficiency, and stop fraudulent behaviour. In other words, an internal control is a process put in place to prevent employees from stealing assets or committing fraud.   An internal control is … Read more

TECHNIQUES OF ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 TECHNIQUES OF ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS   A Financial Statement is an organized collection of data according to logical and consistent accounting procedures. Its purpose is to convey an understanding of some financial aspects of a business firm. It may show assets position at a moment of time as in the case of balance sheet, or … Read more

SOCIAL AUDIT

 SOCIAL AUDIT     “Social auditing is defined as a systematic attempt to identify, analyse, measure (if possible), evaluate, and monitor the effect of an organisation’s operations on society (that is, specific social groups) and on the public well-being.”   Social audit as a term was used as far back as the 1950s. … Read more

FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT STAFFING

 FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT – STAFFING     Staffing refers to the managerial function of employing and developing human resources for carrying out the various managerial and non-managerial activities in an organisation. This involves determining the manpower requirement, and the methods of recruiting, selecting, training and developing the people for various positions created in … Read more

Capital Structure& Cost Of Capital

 CAPITAL STRUCTURE       The financial requirement of a firm can be met through ownership capital and/or borrowed capital. The ownership capital refers to the amount of capital contributed by the owners. In case of a company, it refers to the amount of funds raised by issuing shares. The main characteristic of … Read more

SWOT Analysis

 SWOT Analysis A successful business is founded on a series of sound decisions, so the way you analyze situations and choose to react is essential. When trying to assess the lay of the land, few tools are more useful than the SWOT analysis. It stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats; the SWOT … Read more

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