DMPQ- Merchant discount rate.

Merchant discount rate on debit cards is the amount that a merchant has to pay to its service providers when a consumer swipes her card on the merchant’s point of sales terminal. It is also applicable for online transactions and QR based transactions.  The amount that the merchant pays for every transaction gets distributed among … Read more

DMPQ- Purchasing power Parity.

The purchasing power of a currency refers to the quantity of the currency needed to purchase a given unit of a good, or common basket of goods and services.  Purchasing power is clearly determined by the relative cost of living and inflation rates in different countries. Purchasing power parity means equalising the purchasing power of … Read more

DMPQ- One Nation One card scheme.

To sustain the reforms brought in by scheme on ‘End to End Computerization of Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) Operations’ the Department of Food & Public Distribution has launched a new scheme namely “Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS)” for implementation during 2018-19 and 2019-20. The main objective of the scheme is to introduce … Read more

DMPQ- What are junk bonds?

According to SEBI, Junk bonds are high yield bonds issued by low rated companies.   Junk bonds are a high-yielding debt instrument without an investment grade (noninvestment-grade bond).  These bonds carry a credit rating of BB and lower, because they have a higher risk of default. Typically, these bonds also give higher returns as opposed to … Read more

DMPQ- Pradhan mantri rojgar Prohtsahan yojana.

It is being implemented by the Ministry of Labour and Employment and is operational since August, 2016.  It was launched for incentivising employers for generation of new employment. The Government of India will pay the entire employer’s contribution (12 per cent or admissible contribution) towards the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) and the Employees’ Pension Scheme … Read more

DMPQ- Salient features of Pradhan mantri gareeb kalyan Yojana.

To overcome the economic impact of coronavirus-induced lockdown on the poor, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, soon after the imposition of lockdown on March 24, announced a relief of Rs 1.70 lakh crore under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana. salient features of the scheme —                Insurance cover of Rs 50 Lakh per health worker … Read more

DMPQ- Operation Twist

Operation Twist is a program of quantitative easing used by the Federal Reserve. The so-called “twist” in the operation occurs whenever the Fed uses the proceeds of its sales from short-term Treasury bills to buy long-term Treasury notes. Short-term instruments mature in three years or less while long-term notes and bonds have a term between … Read more

DMPQ- What is Transfer Pricing and how does it effect loss of revenue? What are the provisions made by the government to counter Transfer Pricing?

Transfer pricing refers to the rules and methods for pricing transactions within and between enterprises under common ownership or control. Transfer pricing can be exploited for tax avoidance and tax evasion through Base erosion and profit shifting strategies. Base erosion and profit shifting refer to corporate tax planning strategies used by multinationals to “shift” profits … Read more

DMPQ- What is the basic Premise of Keynesian economics?

Keynesian economics was developed by the British economist John Maynard Keynes during the 1930s in an attempt to understand the Great Depression. Keynesian Economics focuses on using active government policy to manage aggregate demand in order to address or prevent economic recessions. Thus it focuses on demand-side solutions to recessionary periods. Lowering interest rates is … Read more

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