Distribution of land holdings in Telangana

The average size of land holding in the State is 1.12 hectares as against all India average of 1.16 hectares. The share of small and marginal landholdings constitute about 86% of total landholdings, while their share in total area is around 55 per cent. About 14% of total landholdings in the state were medium, ranging … Read more

Planning in Indian economy: Objectives, Priorities, Strategie

  Economic Growth Economic growth means an increase in real GDP. This increase in real GDP means there is an increase in the value of national output / national expenditure. Economic growth is an important macro-economic objective because it enables increased living standards and helps create new jobs. Measurement of Economic Growth Economic growth is … Read more

Problems of dry land Agriculture

DRY FARMING The spread in the regions where the average annual rainfall is less than 75 cm. rainfall is scanty and uncertain, where hot and dry conditions prevail. It is not only that the average annual rainfall is low, the variability of rainfall in these areas varies between 25 to 60 per cent. Agriculture belongs … Read more

Trends in Irrigation

  Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems There are two main ways that farmers and ranchers use agricultural water to cultivate crops: Rain fed farming irrigation Rain-fed farming Irrigation Rain-fed farming is the natural application of water to the soil through direct rainfall. Relying on rainfall is less likely to result in contamination of … Read more

Trends in share of crop and allied sectors in GSDP

Sectoral trends in GSDP The growth rate of GSDP denotes the performance of economy of the State and changes in the magnitude and composition of GSDP of the State economy over time. The economy is broadly classified into three sectors, i.e., primary, secondary and tertiary. The primary sector consists of crops; livestock; forestry & logging; … Read more

Forest resources

Forest- Types and Conservation of Forest and Forest Resources A forest is a complex ecosystem which is predominantly composed of trees, shrubs and is usually a closed canopy. Forests are storehouses of a large variety of life forms such as plants, mammals, birds, insects and reptiles etc. Also the forests have abundant microorganisms and fungi, … Read more

Ecology and Ecosystem

Ecology and Ecosystem Ecology The scientific study of the processes influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms, the interactions among organisms, and the interactions between organisms and the transformation and flux of energy and matter. Ecosystem Ecosystem, the complex of living organisms, their physical environment, and all their interrelationships in a particular unit of space. … Read more

Climate Change

  It is the long term change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods of time Though it has been happening naturally for millions of years, in recent years it has accelerated due to anthropogenic causes and has been causing global warming. UNFCCC defines climate change as – “a change of climate which … Read more

Sustainable Development

Bruntland Report (1983) was the first publication and recognition of the term ‘Sustainable Development’ “meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the needs of the future generation” Three pillars of sustainable development (Bruntland) Care and respect for People, Planet and Prosperity (Commercial Activities) <hence poverty alleviation, conservation and business development> These three pillars … Read more

Sustainable management of natural resources

Sustainable management of natural resources Natural resources are not unlimited and with the human population increasing at a tremendous rate due to improvement in health-care, the demand for all resources is increasing at an exponential rate. The management of natural resources requires a long-term perspective so that these will last for the generations to come … Read more

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