Transport network in Telangana
Road Transport network in Telangana
Telangana is the 29th (the newest) state of India, coming into existence on June 2, 2014. Earlier it was a part of the state of Andhra Pradesh. It comprises of an area carved out of the ten north-western districts of the former state of Andhra Pradesh, which are Adilabad, Nizamabad, Karimnagar, Medak, Warangal, Khammam, Rangareddy, Hyderabad, Nalgonda and Mahbubnagar. The region shares its border in the North and North-West with that of Maharashtra. To its West lies Karnataka, while Chhattisgarh occupies its North-East side. To the East, it is surrounded by Odisha.
National Highways in Transport network in Telangana
Around 6 national highways form a large network of roads in the state. These highways interconnect every district, making journey from one town to another a smooth affair. The longest national highway that crosses Telangana is NH7, which enters the state from its North, starting from Adilabad and going on to Mahbubnagar before exiting the state on its South. Along the way it touches the important districts of Nizamabad, Medak, Rangareddy and Hyderabad, the capital of the state. The Hyderabad city would serve as the joint capital of both Telangana and the rest of Andhra Pradesh for ten years.
NH9 crosses the state, surpassing Hyderabad, Medak, Nalgonda and Rangareddy along its way. In Andhra Pradesh it passes through Zahirabad, Suryapet, Narketpally, Vijayawada, Kodad and Machilipatnam. NH16 in the state passes through the important towns of Karimnagar, Adilabad and Nizamabad. This national highway crosses NH7 at Nizamabad before ending at the district HQ. NH222 is the shortest of all the national highways in the state which touches only Adilabad district of the state. NH202 stretches from Hyderabad to Warangal. NH221 is another important national highway that passes through Khammam.
Railway Transport network in Telangana
Telangana comprises of districts that are well connected by rails that run all across the state. The map of Telangana shows various stations and railway routes that connects various places in the state. These routes are helpful in guiding a traveler to his destination. The state is not only well connected inter state but also intra state. As the state has been carved out of Andhra Pradesh which was already well connected with other states in the country, Telangana stands to benefit from it. People residing in the state can also enjoy a better rail connectivity for other states, which mean that they can visit other states without any hassle. The already well laid out rail connectivity in the state is surely going to play a significant role in propagating commerce and tourism in the state. Telangana rail network connects all its major districts namely Adilabad, Nizamabad, Karimnagar, Medak, Warangal, Khammam, Rangareddy, Hyderabad, Nalgonda and Mahbubnagar. The major railway stations in the state are Adilabad, Nizamabad, Karimnagar, Mancherial, Warangal, Janampeta, Hyderabad, Khammam, Nalgonda, Mahbubnagar and Kurnool.
Airways Transport network in Telangana
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport is an international airport that serves Hyderabad, the largest city in the Indian state of Telangana. It is located in Shamshabad, about 24 kilometres south of Hyderabad. The airport is operated by GMR Hyderabad International Airport Ltd, a public–private venture. It was opened in March 2008 to replace Begumpet Airport as the primary commercial airport for Hyderabad. It is named after Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India. The airport has one passenger terminal, a cargo terminal and two runways. There are also aviation training facilities, a fuel farm, a solar power plant and two MRO facilities. As of 2017 April, RGIA is the sixth busiest airport by passenger traffic in India. The airport served 15.1 million passengers between 2016 April – 2017 March. The airport serves as a hub for Air India Regional, Blue Dart Aviation, SpiceJet, Lufthansa Cargo and TruJet, and as a focus city for IndiGo.
Begumpet Airport at Hyderabad, also known as Hyderabad Old Airport, is a civil enclave located in Begumpet. The airport is home to the Rajiv Gandhi Aviation Academy (RGAA) and the Begumpet Air Force Station of the Indian Air Force. The Navigation Training School of the Training Command, Indian Air Force, formerly known as the Navigation and Signals School (N&SS), is based here. Begumpet used to be International and Domestic airport of Hyderabad, until the opening of the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport on 23rd March 2008 after which Begumpet ceased all commercial civil operations. The last commercial flight to take off was Thai Airways International flight TG 330 to Bangkok on 22 March 2008. Begumpet is now used for military aviation training and for flights carrying VIPs.The Civil Aviation Ministry has put the proposal of starting an ATC training centre in the Begumpet Airport.
Warangal Airport is located at Warangal in the state of Telangana, India.It remained in service until 1981.
Warangal Airport, the largest pre-independence era airport, was built at Mamnoor in Warangal district, in 1930. It was commissioned by the last Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan, along with one at Sholapur, to benefit the businesses, at Sirpur Kaghaznagar for the paper industry’s convenience, and to help industries like the Azam Zahi mills at Warangal. Numerous PMs and Presidents have landed at the airport until 1981, and during the Indo-China war, it served as a hangar for government aircraft due to Delhi airport being a target in combat. Many cargo services and Vayudoot services have also used it as their hub.
Ramagundam Airport is serving the city of Ramagundam, in the state of Telangana, India. This airport is located close to Basanth Nagar Kesoram cement factory. It was used when the Government of India was operating Vayudoot a subsidiary of Air India and Indian Airlines. After the closure of Vayudoot, it has not been regular use. As of 2010, it is only used for landing of any VIP’s flights or for emergency landing of flights. The State Government is planning to develop this airport as a part of developing a third airport in Telangana.
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