River of Telangana For Telangana PSC

River of Telangana

Rivers and Drainage System of Telangana

Drainage systems

Drainage systems, also known as river systems, are the patterns formed by the streams, rivers, and lakes in a particular drainage basin. They are governed by the topography of the land, whether a particular region is dominated by hard or soft rocks, and the gradient of the land.

River of Telangana/Drainage System

  • The State is drained by two major rivers namely, Godavari and Krishna and their tributaries before entering in to the state of Andhra Pradesh and finally to Bay of Bengal.
  • There are 2 basins and 10 sub basins in the state.
  • The major river basins are Godavari, Krishna and sub basins are lower Krishna, middle Krishna, lower Godavari, Indravati, Waingainga, Pranhita, Manjira, Lower Bhima and middle Godavari.
  • The pattern of drainage is generally dendritic with wide valleys in western pediplain.
  • The drainage of the Eastern Ghat is coarse and dendritic with steep and narrow valleys.
  • Most of the smaller streams feed innumerable tanks.
  • The River Godavari with its tributaries viz., Pranahita, Pedda Vagu, Manjira, Maner, Kinnerasani, Sileru and Pamuleru drain whole of northern Telangana.
  • The Tungabhadra, Vedavati, Hindri, Musi, Paleru and Maneru rivers drain southern part of the State.
  • The drainage basins are charecterised by undulating topography comprising a series of ridges and valleys intersperse by hill ranges
  • List of major River of Telangana are flowing :
  1. Bhima River
  2. Godavari
  3. Krishna River
  4. Manjra
  5. Pranhitha
  6. Tungabhadra
  7. Wainganga
  8. Wardha
River Length (Kms) Length

(Miles)

Drainage Area Out Flow Districts of Telangana
Godavari River 1465 910 312812 Bay of Bengal Nizamabad, Adilabad, Karimnagar, Warrangal, Khammam
Krishna River 1400 870 258948 Bay of Bengal Nalgonda, Khammam
Bhima River 861 535 70614 Krishna River Mahaboobnagar
Manjira River 724 450 30844 Godavari River Nizamabad, Medak
Musi River 256 159 NA Krishna River Nalgonda, Ranga Reddy
Paleru River 112 70 NA Krishna River Khammam

 

KRISHNA RIVER SYSTEM OF River of Telangana:

  • The river Krishna is an Inter-State river in Southern India. It is the second largest river in Peninsular India, rises in the Western Ghats at an altitude of 1337 m. near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra State.
  • It flows across the whole width of the peninsula, from west to east, for a length of about 1400 km, through Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telanagana and Andhra Pradesh. The entire catchment area of Krishna basin is 2,58,948 sq km.
  • The principal tributaries of Krishna in Karnataka are Ghataprabha, Malaprabha, Bhima and Tungabhadra. All these rivers except the Malaprabha River having their catchment area both in Karnataka and Maharastra.
  • Brief description of these tributaries are given below:
Sl. No. Name of the tributary Catchment area in Sq.kms. Origin ,Altitude &Length Sub-tributaries Name of the state
1 Ghataprabha 8829 Western ghats,  884m, 283kms Hiranyakeshi, Markandeya Karnataka & Maharshatra
2 Malaprabha 11549 Western Ghats,  792.48m, 306kms Bennihalla,Hirehalla, Tas nadi Karnataka
3 Bhima 70614 Western Ghats, 945m, 861kms Combined waters of      Mula & Mutha Ghod, Nira,Sina Karnataka & Maharshatra
4 Thungbhadra 47866 Western ghats at Gangamula, 1198m, 531kms Combined waters of Tunga & Bhadra, Varada, Hagari(vedavathy) Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh

 

GODAVARI RIVER SYSTEM River of Telangana

  • The river Godavari rises in the Nasik district of Maharastra about 80km from the shore of Arabian sea, at an elevation of 1067m, after flowing for about 1465km in a general south-easterly direction, through Maharastra and Andhra Pradesh, Godavari falls into the Bay of Bengal above Rajamundry.
  • The principal tributaries of Godavari are the Pravara, the Purna, the Manjra, the Pranahita, the Indravathy and the Sabari but Manjra River, having its partial catchment area in the State of Karnataka.
Sl. No. Name of the tributary Catchment area in Sq.kms. Origin ,Altitude &Length Sub-tributaries Name of the state
1. Manjra 15,667 Sq.kms -Maharastra,                4,406 Sq.kms -Karnataka,                 10,772 Sq.kms -Andhra Pradesh Bala ghat range of hills,  823m Tirina,Karanja, Haldi,Lendi & Mannar Maharastra, Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh

 

Hydrography of Telangana

1 Rivers

 

Godavari Krishna Maner Pranhita Munneru Manjira Musi Palar Tungabhadra Bhima Penganga Wardha Dindi Taliperu
2 Waterfalls Kuntala Bogatha Pochera Mallela Theertham Paarakaphi Savatula Gundam Sirnapally Gayatri
3 Lakes

 

Bhadrakali Himayat Sagar Hussain Sagar Lotus Pond Osman Sagar Pakhal Palair Ramappa Shamirpet Saroornagar Laknavaram Ramanthapur Kapra Safilguda Ramakrishnapuram Edulabad Waddepally
4 Dams

 

Nagarjuna Sagar Srisailam Sriram Sagar Nizam Sagar Singur Jurala Lower Manair Dam LMD Pulichinthala Yellampalli Rajolibanda Dam Icchampally Manjira

 

Moosy River

  • The Moosy River (also known as the Musi River) is a minor water body in the district of Prakasam.
  • The river Moosy rises near Dokkalasala in the Veligondas.
  • It flows first east and then south through Markapur, Darsi, Northern border of Podili, Kondepi, Vennuru, Koru Uppalapadu, Tangutur, Alakurapadu and Kothapatnam Mandals falls into the Bay of Bengal near Madanur of Kothapatnam Mandal.
  • Its tributaries are the Gajjaleru, Dondaleru and Atleru.
  • It feeds tanks of Podili and Konakanamitla Mandals.

Kinnerasani River

  • Kinnerasani’ is an important tributary of Godavari flowing through the Warangal and Khammam districts of Telangana and West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh.
  • In the Khammam District, a dam known as the Kinnerasani Dam is built on this river.
  • The back waters of the dam are surrounded by verdant hills and come to be protected under the precincts of the Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • The river drains on the right bank of Godavari in Telangana and forms common boundary between Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states before its confluence with main Godavari river.
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