Agricultural Crops of India

 

CropStateProdProdYieldRainfallTempSoil
%(MilKg/HacmDeg C
T)
RiceW. Bengal15871900125-200 cm>23 CDeep Fertile
UP14Clayey or loamy
Andhra Pr13soil
Punjab11
WheatUP3574270080 cm10-25 CLight loam

 

Punjab20Sandy Loam
Haryana172Clay Loam
M.P.11
JowarMaharashtra477.777030-65 cm27-32 CBlack clayey soil
Karnataka20
M.P.10
BajraRajasthan337.172040-50 cm25-30 CLight sandy
UP18Shallow black
Gujarat16Red upland soil
Maharashtra14
MaizeU.P.1512.1185050-75 cm21-27 CWell drained
Karnataka15alluvial or red
Rajasthan11loamy soil
Bihar/MP10
BarleyUP441.7175070-90 cm10-18 CLight soil
Rajasthan30
MP7
RagiKarnataka602.31350
TamilNadu13
U.P.8
PulsesM.P.2514
U.P.20
Rajasthan17
GramM.P.403.572035-50 cm20-25 CDrained loamy
Rajasthan31soil
U.P.12
Tur/ArharMaharashtra222.362040-80 cm20-25 CRange of soil
U.P.20
M.P./Gujar.15
SugarcaneU.P.4330070 tonne150 cm20-25 CDeep rich loamy
Maharashtra14soil
Tamil Nadu13
Karnataka10

Commercial & Plantation Crops of India

CropStateProdProdYieldRainfallTempSoil
%(MilKg/HaCmDeg C
T)
CottonGujarat2811.622650-75 cm21-30 CBlack Soil
Maharashtra15Million
Andhra Pr11Bales
Haryana10170 Kg
JuteW. Bengal75101960125-200 cm25-35 CLight sandy or

 

Bihar14MillionClayey Loams
Assam9Bales
Orissa1180 kg
TobaccoAndhra Pr.31.65140050 cm15-38 CWell Drained
Gujarat29Friable sandy
U.P.23loams
GroundnutGujarat339.2122050-100 cm20-30 CSandy loam, red,
Andra Pr.15yellow, black soil
Tamil Nadu22
SunflowerKarnataka471.362050 cm15-25 CLoamy soils
Maharashtra23
Andhra Pr.175
SoyabeenM.P.75100050 cm14-24 CFriable loamy
Maharashtra13Acidic Soil
Rajasthan9
TeaAssam550.781900150-250 cm25-30 CWell drained deep
W. Bengal22friable loams or
Tamil Nadu15Acidic Forest soil
CoffeeKarnataka710.3960150-250 cm15-28 CWell drained
Kerala21friable forest loam
Tamil Nadu8
RubberKerala900.61600300 cm25-35 CDeep, well
Tamil Nadudrained loams
Oilseeds
1.Ground NutAndhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu
2.Rapeseed &Rajasthan (45%), U.P, M.P.
Mustard
3.SeasumGujarat (28 %), W. Bengal
4.LinseedU.P, Maharashtra
5.CastorseedGujarat (82%)
6.SoyabeenMadhya Pradesh (75%), Maharashtra, Rajasthan
7.SunflowerKarnataka (47%), Maharashtra (23%), Andhra Pradesh (17%)
8.CoconutKerala (45%), Tamil Nadu (28 %)

 

 

 

 

 

Spices
1.Black PepperKerala (97 %)
2.ChilliesAndhra Pradesh (37%)
3.TurmericAndhra Pradesh (56%)
4.GingerKerala (22), Meghalaya (20%)
5.CardamomKarnataka (57%)
6.ArecanutKarnataka (41%), Kerala (30%)

 

Horticultural Crops

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.MangoUP (32), Bihar (13) Andhra Pradesh. Accounts for 40 percent of all fruits
2.BananaMaharashtra (28%), Gujarat (10%), Andhra Pradesh. Jalgaon district
alone supplies more than 80 % of Maharashtra’s Banana
3.CashewKerala (31%), Maharashtra (18%), Andhra Pradesh (14%). Cashew is a
genus of Brazil. Largest foreign exchange earner
4.OrangeMaharashtra, M.P, Karnataka. Genus from China
5.GrapesAndhra Pradesh, Maharashtra. Native plant of Armenia. Grapes are
imported in India.
6.GuavaU.P., Bihar. Native plant of Tropical America
7.AppleJ & K, HimachalPr, Uttaranchal
8.PotatoU.P (35%), West Bengal (33%)
9.OnionMaharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
Types of Crops
Kharif CropsRice, Maize, Jowar, Ragi, Bajra, Tur, Moong, Urad, Cotton,
Jute, Seasum, Groundnut, Soyabeen,
Rabi CropsWheat, Barley, Jowar, Rapeseed, Mustard, Linseed, Lentil,
Gram, Peas
Zaid CropsSown during march to June. E.g. Water Melon, Melon,
Cucumber, Vegetables, Moong, Urad.
Jowar is both a Kharif & Rabi Crop.
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