dmpq-Discuss the important constitutional and legal provisions associated with citizenship.

The conferment of a person, as a citizen of India, is governed by Articles 5 to 11 (Part II) of the Indian Constitution. Apart from the above Articles of the Indian Constitution, citizenship is also deeply connected with the Citizenship Act, which is passed by the Indian Parliament in 1955.

Citizenship Act 1955 speaks about the citizenship of India after the commencement of the Constitution. It is an act to provide for the acquisition and termination of Indian citizenship.

The legislation related to this matter is the Citizenship Act 1955, which has been amended by the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 1986, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 1992, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2003, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2005, and the Citizenship (Amendment Act, 2019).

Acquisition of Indian Citizenship as per Citizenship Act 1955

Indian Citizenship can be acquired under the following ways :

  • Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution of India
  • Citizenship by birth: NB – This provision has different clauses for different periods
  • Citizenship by descent
  • Citizenship by registration
  • Citizenship by naturalization.

Termination of Indian Citizenship as per Citizenship Act 1955

One can lose citizenship of India in three ways – Renunciation, Termination and Deprivation Persons domiciled in the territory of India as on 26 November 1949 automatically became Indian citizens by virtue of the operation of the relevant provisions of the Indian Constitution coming into force. (Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution of India.)

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