DMPQ-Explain how nature based efforts against climate change crisis can be an effective solution to the problem.

The environment, energy and climate ministers from the ‘Group of 20’ (G20) economies expressed their commitments towards addressing the challenges presented by urbanisation, climate change and biodiversity loss. A major emphasis was placed on the inclusion of nature-based solutions (NbS) in fight against the climate crisis.

Nature-based solutions (NbS) to climate change involve conserving, restoring or better managing ecosystems to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Forests are probably the most well-known nature-based solution for climate change, but there are many more – including peatlands, mangroves, wetlands, savannahs, coral reefs and other landscapes. NbS is a relatively new concept that was widely discussed after the Conference of Parties (CoP) 25. Several countries are already piloting projects based on NbS.

Our planet is facing a dual climate and biodiversity crisis. Around a million animal and plant species are now threatened with extinction – more than ever before in human history. At the same time, the climate emergency threatens to expose millions of people to extreme heat waves and could leave a billion people affected by sea-level rise within decades. Nature-based solutions can transform our energy, land, urban and industrial systems. It is required to protect and enhance biodiversity.

Promoting nature-based solutions and prioritizing actions that could have climate benefits. Need to increase investment in high-quality nature-based solutions. • Developing initiatives that harness nature-based solutions in countries around the world and emphasise the benefits of protecting and restoring nature to businesses, communities and governments. Advocating for policy changes and the increased inclusion of nature-based solutions for climate in national climate targets.

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