DMPQ-Discuss the challenge of water Management in India. Mention India’s Water Management practices and impact of Climate change on them.

India’s rapid urban growth is putting pressure on its public service arrangements  especially its management of water and sanitation services. • The safe and reliable availability of water and sanitation proved to be the first line of defence against the scourges of COVID-19.

The supply-demand gap is expected to widen by 50 per cent by 2030. At least five Indian cities are already reported to have joined the list of world’s 20 largest water-stressed cities. Bangalore and Chennai, source their waters from a distance of 95 kilometres and 200 km, respectively.

India’s Water Management Practice

  • As an extension of India’s colonial history, management of water was part of public institutions.
  • While this lead to systematic exclusion of public’s opinions in informing the design and implementation protocols of large public schemes.
  • The development projects took the form of multi-purpose dams, irrigation canals, public water distribution systems, etc.

Climate change impacts

  • With temperatures rising due to changing climate, precipitation patterns vary.
  • The towns and cities are facing water shortages during the summer months and experiencing floods during monsoon.
  • Climate changes are expected to increase precipitation, which will come in the form of reduced rainy days but more days of extreme precipitation events.
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