18.02.22 TSPSC Daily Current Affairs

TELANGANA

 

T-AIMs for data annotation clusters in state, inks MoU with Tika Data

In a bid to position the state as a go-to destination for high quality data annotation services as part of its thrust on developing an Artificial Intelligence (AI) ecosystem, the Telangana government has inked an MoU with Bengaluru-based Tika Data for setting up a data annotation cluster in the state.

As part of this agreement, Tika Data is expected to set up three centres, most likely in Jakranpalle, Armoor and Dichapallemandals of Nizamabad district, and train and employ over 100 local people. Data annotation is nothing but the categorisation and labelling of data for AI (artificial intelligence) applications. The growth of the data annotation industry is driven by the growth of AI/ML based solutions because the quality of the AI/ML model is dependent on the quality of training data, Telangana government said on Thursday while announcing the MoU.

The partnership was the result of a data annotation roundtable conducted by the Telangana government’s Telangana AI Mission (T-AIM) initiative that is powered by Nasscom

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

India-UAE Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement

 

India and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are set to firm up a Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA), during a virtual summit.

 

  • Virtual Summit will be held between Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed al Nahyan and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • Both leaders are likely to lay out their vision of the historic and friendly bilateral relations, at a time when UAE is marking 50thanniversary of its foundation and India is celebrating 75 years of its independence.
  • Both the leaders will discuss bilateral cooperation and exchange views on international and regional issues of mutual interest.

At the summit, both the leaders will sign the CEPA, on which negotiations were launched in September 2021 and now stands completed. This agreement would take economic and commercial engagement of both the countries to next level.

 

India’s UPI Platform in Nepal

 

The first country to adopt India’s UPI system will be Nepal which will be critical in modernising the neighbouring country’s digital economy.

 

To deliver the services in Nepal, NPCI International Payments Ltd (NIPL), NPCI’s international arm, has partnered with ManamInfotech and Gateway Payments Service (GPS). In Nepal, GPS is the authorized payment system operator, and ManamInfotech will implement the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) there.

 

Purpose of the collaboration

 

According to NPCI, the collaboration will benefit Nepal’s greater digital public good by strengthening interoperable real-time person-to-merchant (P2M) and person-to-person (P2P) transactions in the neighbouring country. This collaboration will allow the citizens of Nepal’s last-mile consumers to benefit from an interoperable, open payment system that enables real-time financial transfers between merchant payments and bank accounts.

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL

 

 

Solar Waste Handling in India

 

While India’s solar power capacity is increasing, the country does not have a proper policy on managing the waste that is being generated from solar panels and its manufacturing process.

 

Currently, India considers solar waste as a part of its generated electronic waste and thus doesn’t account for it independently. Also, the nation doesn’t have any commercially operated raw material solar e-waste recovering facility.

In Gummidipoondi, Tamil Nadu, a facility has been set up for the purpose of recovering solar e-waste recycling and recovery albeit it is a private firm.

 

In India, solar waste is sold as scrap and it can lead to the increase of solar e-waste if proper recycling is not done. The government should divert its focus towards drafting a set of rules that will look into dealing with solar e-waste.

 

The life cycle of a solar panel is 20 to 25 years, so the problem we are facing is yet to come, but when it will eventually catch up the nation will be dealing with a huge problem with most of the landfills being filled with solar waste. Hence, drafting a policy dealing with this is a must.

 

Integrated Plant Nutrition Management Bill, 2022

 

Central government has proposed a law to empowers it to fix maximum selling price of fertilizers and control its quality and distribution.

 

Department of Fertilizers has asked comments on the draft Integrated Plant Nutrition Management Bill, 2022, from all the stakeholders.

It is convenient in public interest that central government should take under its control on distribution, price and quality of standards of fertilizers.

 

The bill seeks to establish an ‘Integrated Plant Nutrition Management Authority of India’.

It is aimed at promoting development and sustainable use of balanced fertilizers, including bio-fertilizers, nano-fertilizers, bio-stimulates, and organic fertilizers.

 

It seeks to simplify the process for manufacturing production, distribution and price management of fertilizers across India. This will help in improving the ease of doing business.

 

 

 

New India Literacy Programme

 

The Government of India approved the New India Literacy Programme scheme for the fiscal years 2022-2027 that will cover all areas of adult education and match with the national education policy 2020.

 

The Ministry of Education (MoE) has announced the ‘New India Literacy Programme’ for the next five years, to cover all aspects of adult education. The ministry has decided to use the term ‘Education for All’ instead of ‘Adult Education,’ because the previous term didn’t represent all non-literates who are in the age group of 15 years and above.

 

This programme is expected to cost Rs 1037.90 crore between 2022 and 2027, with the central government providing Rs 700 crore and the states providing Rs 337.90 crore, respectively.

 

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