Suppression of Telangana Movement and its Consequences-The Eight Point and Five-Point Formulas-Implications.

Five Point Programme

The Prime Minister announced her Five Point Programme on November 27, 1972. According to it, the Public Employment Act was to be extended to include civil assistant surgeons and junior engineers, with the proviso that the safeguards were to be in force only until December 1977 in the twin cities and December 1980 in the rest of the Telangana region. Regionalisation of various -service cadres up to the first or second gazetted level was also proposed. A composite police force for the twin cities was contemplated.

To give effect to the Prime Minister’s Five Point Programme, the Mulki Rules Act passed by Parliament in December 1972 provided for a number of amendments to the mulki rules.

But feeling persisted among Andhras that in view of the Mulki Rules Act they had become second class citizens in Hyderabad, their own capital. A number of Andhra leaders considered this an affront to their self respect. Opposition leaders and leaders of factions within the Congress party opposed to the Chief Minister, P.V. Narasimha Rao, made use of this opportunity to organize a popular movement in the Andhra districts. The inclusion in the Act of junior engineers and assistant civil surgeons, among whom there was large-scale unemployment ,inspired gazetted (senior) officers to also join the movement. Lawyers boycotted the courts. The administra[1]tion ceased to function. Soon the agitation had snowballed into a demand for constituting the Andhra districts into a separate state and involved almost all sections of the population. (No active steps were taken, however, to build a coalition with the sections of Telangana which had unsuccessfully agitated in 1969 for a separate Telangana state.) In view of the mounting pressures, President’s rule was imposed in January 1973. By May 1973 the agitation had ended.

After several days of talks with leaders of both regions i.e. Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, on 11 April 1969, Prime minister came up with Eight point plan.

Eight point plan

This plan includes appointment of Five committees:

  1. High-powered committee would be set up to determine financial surpluses to Telangana
  2. Telangana development committee
  3. Plan implementation committee
  4. Committee of jurists to be consulted on safeguards
  5. Committees to look into grievances of public servants

Eight principles
1) Stock of surplus funds of Telangana transferred to Andhra Pradesh would be noted .
2) Telangana funds should be collected and used for the developement of Telangana.
3) For the development of Telangana, the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh should formulate strategies.
4) The Committee on Planning Association is chaired by a committee of supervisory officers.
5) Powers were given to the officers on the committee.
6) The employment for local population.
7) Problems related to Telangana Udyogula Sangam.
8) Centre and State is responsible for the development of Telangana.

 

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