Employment and Civil Services Rules under Mir Osman Ali Khan

The Hyderabad Civil Service (HCS), was a modern civil service system in the State of Hyderabad. In 1882 Sir Salar Jung I dismantled the old Mughal administration practices and traditions and created the Hyderabad Civil Services.
The establishment of Zilabandi system, the creation of Subedari and Taluqdari system, Revenue, Police and Judicial reforms by Salar Jung facilitated the formation of Hyderabad Civil Service. The new system was based on British administration practices. The legal framework of the Hyderabad State Services was laid by the Rules and regulations codified in 1919. The Hyderabad Civil Service, was a coveted service in the State of Hyderabad and was considered to be an elite service, and the best of the government officers were inducted into it through a competitive examination. It was abolished after the Police Action in 1948 and its Officers were absorbed into the Indian government civil services.
The top officers of HCS were accommodated at Hyderabad Civil Service House located near Khairatabad and after merger in 1950 this building was converted into College of Nursing.
Hyderabad State was one of the prominent princely State in India and inherits over 400 years of rich tradition and culture with unparalleled grace and historical significance. The system of selecting young talent for public services through a process of selection was in vogue in the Hyderabad State since the period of Mir Mahaboob Ali Pasha, VI Nizam (1869-1911). Hyderabad Civil Service Committee was established by the 1919 Firman and the Hyderabad Public Service Commission was established by a Firman on 27 April 1947 emulating the model of British Provincial Public Service Commission with a Chairman and Members not exceeding four in number. The establishment of the Commission was a significant landmark during the Asaf Jahi rule and brought the entire administrative machinery of civil services of the Nizam’s State in tune with the modern times and Hyderabad Civil Service was considered a coveted and elite service in those days.
In the year 1919, the Nizam issued a Firman promulgating what came to be known as Mulki Rules. These Rules were contained in Appendix-N to the Hyderabad Civil Service Regulations. The expressions Mulki and Mulki Rules were used in Rule 39 of the State Regulations which provided that no person shall be appointed to any superior or inferior service without the specific sanction of His Exalted Highness if he is not a Mulki. A Mulki was defined as a person :-

(1) who was a subject of Hyderabad State by birth; or

(2) who was a permanent resident of the Hyderabad State for atleast 15 years and who has abandoned the idea of returning to the place of his previous residence, as reflected in a certificate issued in the prescribed form attested by a Magistrate; or

(3) whose father having completed 15 years of service, was in the Government service at the time of the childs birth; or

(4) who was the wife of a Mulki.

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