Urban infrastructure and transport in Hyderabad
Outer Ring Road or Nehru Outer Ring Road is a 158 kilometer, 8-lane ring road expressway encircling the capital city of Hyderabad, Telangana, India. It is built by HMDA at a cost of ₹6,696 crores. with an assistance of ₹3,123 crores from Japan International Cooperation Agency. The expressway is designed for speeds up to 120 km/h. A large part, 124 km (covering urban nodes viz., Hi- Tech city, Nanakramguda Financial District, Hyderabad International Airport, IKP Knowledge park, Hardware Park, Telangana State Police Academy, Singapore Financial District, and Games village) of the 158-km was opened by December 2012. It gives an easy connectivity between NH 44, NH 65, NH 161, NH 765 and NH 163 from Hyderabad to Warangal as well as state highways leading to Vikarabad Nagarjunasagar and Karimnagar /Mancherial. The Ring Road also helps in reducing the travel time from Rajiv Gandhi International Airport to cities like Nizamabad & Adilabad as it connects to NH44. The expressway is fenced and 33 radial roads connect it with the Inner Ring Road, and the upcoming Regional Ring Road.
The traffic studies on NH 44 and NH 65 concluded that a 4/6 lane road is due. The traffic movement on the existing inner ring road proved that the existing 4-lane road was inadequate. Due to the anticipated growth in the region and the development of proposed satellite townships around the ring road and beyond, an 8-lane carriageway was planned with a design life of 20 years. The conclusion was to develop a highway with access control provides highway grade separations or interchanges for all intersecting highways. Once it had been decided to develop the route as an expressway, all intersecting highways should be terminated, rerouted or provided with a grade separation. The proposed corridor was access-controlled and limited access was to be provided at National Highway/SHI Major road crossings. A 2-lane service roads designed to carry two-way traffic, were proposed on both sides of the corridor. Low level underpasses were to be provided for connecting both the service roads at every 1–2 km, where the terrain permits.
The Hyderabad Metro is a rapid transit system, serving the city of Hyderabad, Telangana, India. It is in Secant Operational model. It is being implemented entirely on Public Private Partnership (PPP)) basis, with the state government holding a minority equity stake. A 30 km stretch from Miyapur to Nagole, having 24 stations was inaugurated on 28 November 2017 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. No other rapid transit metro service in India opened for public operations on such a long stretch of 30 km. As of February 2019, it is the Second longest operational metro network in India after Delhi Metro It is estimated to cost ₹18,800 crore (US$2.6 billion). As of October 2018, about 200,000 people use the Metro per day. Trains are crowded during the morning and evening hours, when employees travel to and from work. A ladies only coach was introduced on all the trains from 7 May 2018.
Having nine National/State Highways passing through Hyderabad, can facilitate parallel Metro rail tracks extending to 60-100 Kms distance covering more than 20 existing Towns. People at this range of distances can reach the city in 1-1.5hours time through the proposed Super-fast Metro trains. Encouraging public/working community with housing or other allowances to relocate from the congested core city which couldbe the one of best solution to ease the traffic in the City. This would also enhance the future urbanisation with several mini-towns, townshipsproposed to come up with in the 100Km.
HUDA (Hyderabad Urban Development Authority)
In order to develop the metropolitan area of Hyderabad which was known as the “Hyderabad Development Area (HDA)”, a constitutional body ‘Hyderabad Urban Development Authority (HUDA)’ was formed under the Andhra Pradesh Urban (Dev.) Act 1975. The main objective of this body was to plan for development of the composite region covered under HDA. Jurisdiction of HUDA HUDA’s jurisdiction extended over an area of 1,348 sq.km, which includes entire area covered under MCH, 10 surrounding municipalities of Ranga Reddy, Medak districts and vast area under gram panchayats. While the municipal bodies manage civic services in the city, HUDA covers much bigger area and mainly focuses on the planning and development of the area under its jurisdiction. Layout developments, Group Housing Schemes, all non-residential permissions etc. were the powers vested with HUDA. It also prepared Master plans, Zonal Development plans which were implemented in the later years.
MCH, like all other municipal bodies, used to provide civic as well as infrastructure facilities to the inhabitants of the twin cities. Thus, laying roads, maintaining streets, public health, sanitation, etc. were the major functions of MCH. Later in the year 2007, MCH along with 12 other municipalities were merged to form the GHMC. Though the functions and duties of both the bodies are the same, the jurisdiction of GHMC is much larger than that of MCH. Together with MCH and 12 other municipalities in Ranga Reddy and Medak districts, GHMC covers an area of 626 sq. kms. The expansion of city limits and formation of GHMC was to make sure that the surrounding areas around Hyderabad are also developed and have better facilities similar to the citizens in the core city.
Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority (HMDA)
HMDA is an urban planning body formed in the year 2008 by merging the erstwhile HUDA, BPPA, HADA, and CDA. Of all the bodies formed till now, HMDA is a high power body chaired by the chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. HMDA covers an area of 7,100 sq. kms under its purview and is the 2nd largest urban development area in India, after Bangalore Metropolitan Region development (8,022 sq kms). The area covered under HMDA is comparable to the size of smaller states. Thus, it is twice the size of Goa (3,702 sq kms), much larger than the National Capital Territory of Delhi (1,483 sq. kms) and many times bigger than Union Territories like Chandigarh (114 sq. kms) and Puduchery (492 sq. kms).
HMDA’s Master Plan-2031 Approved by Government
The Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority’s (HMDA) master plan, proposed during May 2011, finally got approved by the state government in the last week of January.
According to the sources, the Metropolitan Development Plan (MDP)-2031 covers about 5,965 sq.km of area in 35 mandals that are spread across four districts of Ranga Reddy, Medak, Nalgonda and Mahabubnagar. The approved plan has a time frame till 2031.
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