Primacy of Hyderabad in Telangana State
Telangana is a state with 3.5cr. Population according to 2011 census in which 38.67% people living in urban areas. But in above 1.35 cr. People who living in urban areas 1cr.living in capital i.e. Hyderabad only. With migration in future those numbers may increase. There is only one million plus city in telangana besides Hyderabad. This signifies the primacy nature in urbanization of telangana. To develop telangana without larger regional imbalances it must be needed sustainable urbanization in state. It may reduce the pressure on Hyderabad and state can progress in all spheres.
Telangana is a state with primacy in urbanization. Hyderabad attracting more people from all corners of state causing more people are willing to move Hyderabad than surrounding nearby towns/cities. This primacy nature causes for regional imbalances as most development and most economic activities are concentrated in growth pole i.e. Hyderabad. This primacy nature of telangana acting as major obstacle in urbanization in telangana as it indirectly not encourages other cities to develop.
There must be some growth in any urban area constantly for further urbanization. And growth should be multi-dimensional i.e. geographical, economic etc. lack of adequate growth in urban areas people attracting towards but no to surrounding urban centres. It should be maintain adequate growth in urban areas constantly both quantatively and qualitatively for sustainable urbanization in telangana.
In many towns in telangana urban planning is going in a traditional way. The scientific and modern ways are not using in urban planning .This mismatches the resources and urbanization in future. The scientific planning in the sense there must be a solution in scientific way to address a problem without damaging the existing one. The planning and laying should be done according to future generations. This will Improvises the life and improves urban sustainability.
Resources i.e. both natural and anthropogenic are should be adequately necessary for Urbanization. The adequate presence of natural and manmade resources attracts the people from surrounding areas. Many urban areas and towns in telangana are suffering from adequate resources. There are to be answered for sustainable urbanization in Telangana. Many Urban areas have potentials to be urbanized but lack of adequate resources there are getting abandoned after some time.
In telangana many towns are facing problem of exact demarcation of urban and rural areas. Many urban centres are carrying function as rural centres. Modern way of functions of urban areas is not appropriated in urban areas of telangana adequate .This is creating tension among people living in continuation zone of urban people. The urban area demarcation should be done with the sight of needs people about next 100 years.
Most urbanized areas in world are growth poles. Growth poles act as the gravity zones in a reason for economic growth. Telangana is suffering from lack of growth poles in all versions. To create more growth poles the authorities identifies the potential areas with available resources provide adequate facilities , some concessions in establishment of an Industry ,factory or other establishments such as Education , health etc. This will not only encourages the urbanization but also reduces the regional imbalances.
Soft Infrastructure should be important for an urban area to be developed. Soft Infrastructure means Educational institutions , Hospitals ,Entertainment Infrastructure ,Sport Infrastructure are necessary be in adequate for urban development . Most people are migrating for Soft Infrastructure for permanently. In Telangana most urban areas are lacking this Soft Infrastructure.
The most important issue in current situation is to maintain urban sustainability. An urban centre should be capable of provide all services for which it is supposed to be developed it must cater the needs of people in future times also. In development process of Urbanization already existing are getting neglected and moving for encroachment .This will reduces the importance of existing one. This may soon get abandoned. This urban sustainability should be maintained.
Central government started urban development schemes like HRIDAY ,AMRUTH etc. and state government of Telangana also taking steps for urbanization in Telangana urbanization process the government should maintain sustainability create many growth poles , try to reduce primary nature in Telangana . These will help the urbanization in sustainable manner and can reduce the regional imbalances.
City structure of Hyderabad
The historic city established by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah on the southern side of the Musi River forms the “Old City”, while the “New City” encompasses the urbanised area on the northern banks. The two are connected by many bridges across the river, the oldest of which is Purana Pul (“old bridge”). Hyderabad is twinned with neighbouring Secunderabad, to which it is connected by Hussain Sagar. Many historic and tourist sites lie in south central Hyderabad, such as the Charminar, the Mecca Masjid, the Salar Jung Museum, the Nizam’s Museum, the Falaknuma Palace, and the traditional retail corridor comprising the Pearl Market, Laad Bazaar and Madina Circle. North of the river are hospitals, colleges, major railway stations and business areas such as Begum Bazaar, Koti, Abids, Sultan Bazaar and Moazzam Jahi Market, along with administrative and recreational establishments such as the Reserve Bank of India, the Telangana Secretariat, the India Government Mint, Hyderabad, the Telangana Legislature, the Public Gardens, the Nizam Club, the Ravindra Bharathi, the State Museum, the Birla Temple and the Birla Planetarium.
North of central Hyderabad lie Hussain Sagar, Tank Bund Road, Rani Gunj and the Secunderabad Railway Station. Most of the city’s parks and recreational centres, such as Sanjeevaiah Park, Indira Park, Lumbini Park, NTR Gardens, the Buddha statue and Tankbund Park are located here. In the northwest part of the city there are upscale residential and commercial areas such as Banjara Hills, Jubilee Hills, Begumpet, Khairatabad, Tolichowki and Miyapur. The northern end contains industrial areas such as Sanathnagar, Moosapet, Balanagar, Patancheru and Chanda Nagar. The northeast end is dotted with residential areas. In the eastern part of the city lie many defence research centres and Ramoji Film City. The “Cyberabad” area in the southwest and west of the city has grown rapidly since the 1990s. It is home to information technology and bio-pharmaceutical companies and to landmarks such as Hyderabad Airport, Osman Sagar, Himayath Sagar and Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park.
Heritage buildings constructed during the Qutb Shahi and Nizam eras showcase Indo-Islamic architecture influenced by Medieval, Mughal and European styles. After the 1908 flooding of the Musi River, the city was expanded and civic monuments constructed, particularly during the rule of Mir Osman Ali Khan (the VIIth Nizam), whose patronage of architecture led to him being referred to as the maker of modern Hyderabad. In 2012, the government of India declared Hyderabad the first “Best heritage city of India”. Qutb Shahi architecture of the 16th and early 17th centuries followed classical Persian architecture featuring domes and colossal arches. The oldest surviving Qutb Shahi structure in Hyderabad is the ruins of Golconda Fort|Golconda fort built in the 16th century. Most of the historical bazaars that still exist were constructed on the street north of Charminar towards the fort. The Charminar has become an icon of the city; located in the centre of old Hyderabad, it is a square structure with sides 20 m (66 ft) long and four grand arches each facing a road. At each corner stands a 56 m (184 ft)-high minaret. The Charminar, Golconda Fort and the Qutb Shahi tombs are considered to be monuments of national importance in India; in 2010 the Indian government proposed that the sites be listed for UNESCO World Heritage status.
Among the oldest surviving examples of Nizam architecture in Hyderabad is the Chowmahalla Palace, which was the seat of royal power. It showcases a diverse array of architectural styles, from the Baroque Harem to its Neoclassical royal court. The other palaces include Falaknuma Palace (inspired by the style of Andrea Palladio), Purani Haveli, King Kothi and Bella Vista Palace all of which were built at the peak of Nizam rule in the 19th century. During Mir Osman Ali Khan’s rule, European styles, along with Indo-Islamic, became prominent. These styles are reflected in the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture seen in many civic monuments such as the Hyderabad High Court, Osmania Hospital, City College and the Kachiguda Railway Station, all designed by Vincent Esch.
Among the oldest surviving examples of Nizam architecture in Hyderabad is the Chowmahalla Palace, which was the seat of royal power. It showcases a diverse array of architectural styles, from the Baroque Harem to its Neoclassical royal court. The other palaces include Falaknuma Palace (inspired by the style of Andrea Palladio), Purani Haveli, King Kothi and Bella Vista Palace all of which were built at the peak of Nizam rule in the 19th century. During Mir Osman Ali Khan’s rule, European styles, along with Indo-Islamic, became prominent. These styles are reflected in the Falaknuma Palace and many civic monuments such as the Hyderabad High Court, Osmania Hospital, Osmania University, the State Central Library, City College, the Telangana Legislature, the State Archaeology Museum, Jubilee Hall, and Hyderabad and Kachiguda railway stations. Other landmarks of note are Paigah Palace, Asman Garh Palace, Basheer Bagh Palace, Errum Manzil and the Spanish Mosque, all constructed by the Paigah family.TSPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for TSPSC Prelims and TSPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by TSPSC Notes are as follows:-
- TSPSC Mains Tests and Notes Program 2022
- TSPSC Group I Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program 2022
- TSPSC Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program 2022
- TSPSC Detailed Complete Prelims Notes 2022