Population of Telangana

Population of Telangana

  • Telangana is the 29th state of India, formed on the 2nd of June 2014.
  • The state has an area of 1,12,077 Sq. Km. and has a population of 3,50,03,674.
  • The Telangana region was part of the Hyderabad state from Sept 17th 1948 to Nov 1st 1956, until it was merged with Andhra state to form the Andhra Pradesh state.
  • After decades of movement for a separate State, Telangana was created by passing the AP State Reorganization Bill in both houses of Parliament.
  • Telangana is surrounded by Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh in the North, Karnataka in the West and Andhra Pradesh in the South and East directions.
  • Major cities of the state include Hyderabad, Warangal, Nizamabad and Karimnagar
  • The people of the state are predominantly residing in rural areas with 61.12% and the rest of 38.88% are residing in urban areas.
  • The overall growth of total population during the decade 2001 to 2011 is 13.58%, whereas it was 18.77% in the preceding decade.
  • The growth of the population in urban areas has been witnessing a significant increase.
  • Urban population in the State grew by 38.12% during the decade 2001 to 2011 as compared with 25.13% in the preceding decade.
  • In sharp contrast, rural population in the state grew by a modest 2.13% as per the 2011 census, which is much higher than the United Nations estimates of world population growth at 1.23%.
  • Around 30% of total urban population is residing in the capital city of Hyderabad alone.

Sex Ration of Population of Telangana

  • The sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1,000 males.
  • This ratio for the state is 988 according to 2011 Census.
  • One distinguishing feature is that the sex ratio in the districts of Nizamabad, Adilabad, Karimnagar and Khammam is over 1,000.
  • The sex ratio has been witnessing an improvement in the State from 967 in 1991 to 971 in 2001 and further to 988 in 2011.
  • Despite a favorable sex ratio of the total population, the sex ratio of children in the age group of 0-6 years is declined from 957 in 2001 to 932 in 2011. T
  • he sex ratio of the SC population at 1,008 in 2011 is much higher than the State average of 988 in all districts, except Rangareddy, Hyderabad and Mahabubnagar districts.
  • The sex ratio of ST population at 977 is marginally lower than the State average of 988, but it is higher in Adilabad, Karimnagar, Nizamabad and Khammam districts.

Density of the Population of Telangana

  • The density of population is defined, in general, as average number of persons residing per square kilometer of area.
  • The density of population in the State ranges from 170 to 18,172 per square kilometer.
  • Adilabad district has the lowest density of 170 per sq. kilometer and Hyderabad district with highest density of 18,172 per sq. kilometer.
  • The districts of Adilabad, Khammam and Mahabubnagar have lower density of population with 170, 197 and 220 per sq. kilometer respectively, as compared with the State average of 312 per sq. kilometer.

Literacy Rate OF Population of Telangana

  • According to the Census of India, the literacy rate is defined as the total percentage of the population of an area at a particular time, aged seven years or above who can read and write with understanding.
  • The literacy rate of the State as per 2011 census is 66.54%.
  • Male literacy and female literacy are 75.04% and 57.99%, respectively.
  • Hyderabad district is highest with 83.25% and Mahabubnagar district at lowest with 55.04%,

Social Composition of Population of Telangana

  • The population of the State consists predominantly of backward classes scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.
  • Out of the total population of the State, scheduled castes constitute 15.45% and the scheduled tribes 9.08%.
  • There has been a significant increase in the percentage of tribal population in total population from 2.81% in 1961 to 8.19% in 1981 and further to 9.08% in 2011.

Growth and Level of compositionPopulation of Telangana

  • Urban population, according to 2011 census, is 136.09 lakhs, whereas it was 98.53 lakhs in 2001, increased by 36% over the decade in the State.
  • Hyderabad is a hundred percent urban district but the city of Hyderabad spreads much beyond the district boundary into the neighbouring Rangareddy district.
  • This has made Rangareddy, which surrounds Hyderabad, as the next highly urbanized district with 70.22% urban population.

Population of Telangana Statistics

1 Area 112,077 Sq. Kms.
2 Districts 31
3 Population



350.04 Lakhs

176.12 Lakhs

173.92 Lakhs

4 Sex Ratio (Female per 1000 Males) 988 Ratio
5 Density of Population 312 per Sq. Km
6 Decadal Growth Rate (2001-2011) 13.58 Rate
7 Rural Population

Rural Population Male

Rural Population Female

213.95 Lakhs

107.05 Lakhs

106.90 Lakhs

8 Rural Population Sex Ratio (Female per 1000 Males) 999 Ratio
9 Rural to Total Population 61.12 %
10 Urban Population

Urban Population Male

Urban Population Female

136.09 Lakhs

69.07 Lakhs

67.02 Lakhs



Urban Population Sex Ratio (Female per 1000 Males) 970 Ratio
12 Urban to Total Population 38.88 %
13 SC Population

SC Population Male

SC Population Female

54.09 Lakhs

26.93 Lakhs

27.16 Lakhs

14 ST Population

ST Population Male

ST Population Female

31.78 Lakhs

16.08 Lakhs


15 Child Population (0-6 years)

Child Population (0-6 years) Male

Child Population (0-6 years) Female

Child to Total Population

38.99 Lakhs


18.81 Lakhs

11.14 %

16 Child Sex Ratio (Female per 1000 Males) 932 Ratio
17 Literates

Literates Male

Literates Female

Literacy Rate

Literacy Rate Male

Literacy Rate Female

206.97 Lakhs

117.02 Lakhs

89.05 Lakhs

66.54 %

75.04 %

57.99 %

18 Total Workers

Main Workers

Marginal Workers

163.42 Lakhs

137.20 Lakhs

26.22 Lakhs

19 Members of Parliament (MPs)

Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs)



Some Districts Statics of Population of Telangana

Name Status            Population Census 2011-03-01
Adilabad         District 2,741,239
Hyderabad     District 3,943,323
Karimnagar    District 3,776,269
Khammam      District 2,797,370
Mahbubnagar            District 4,053,028
Medak District          3,033,288
Nalgonda        District 3,488,809
Nizamabad     District 2,551,335
Rangareddy   District 5,296,741
Warangal       District 3,512,576
Telangana      State 35,193,978


National Population Policy  

  • As per the latest World Population Prospects released by United Nations (revision 2015), the estimated population   of   India   will   be    1419   million    approximately    whereas China’s population will be approximately 1409 million, by 2022.
  • In spite of the perceptible decline in Total Fertility Rate (TFR) from 3.6 in 1991 to 2.3 in 2013, India is yet to achieve replacement level of 2.1.
  • Twenty four states/UTs have already achieved replacement level of TFR by 2013, while states like UP and Bihar with large population base still have TFR of 3.1 and 3.4 respectively.
  • The other states like Jharkhand (TFR 2.7), Rajasthan (TFR 2.8), Madhya Pradesh (TFR 2.9), and Chhattisgarh (TFR 2.6) continue to have higher levels of fertility and contribute to the growth of population.
  • The National Population Policy 2000 is uniformly applicable to the whole country. In pursuance of this policy, Government has taken a number of measures under Family Planning Programme and as a result, Population Growth Rate in India has reduced substantially which is evident from the following:-
  1. The percentage decadal growth rate of the country has declined significantly from 21.5% for the period 1991-2001 to 17.7% during 2001-2011.
  2. Total Fertility Rate (TFR) was 3.2 at the time when National Population Policy, 2000 was adopted and the same has declined to 2.3 as per Sample registration Survey (SRS) 2013 conducted by the Registrar General of India.


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