Education and Educational Infrastructure of Rajasthan
- Education contributes to improving national and individual welfare through multiple pathways. In every sense, education is one of the most important contributory factors for development. No country can achieve sustainable economic and social development without substantial investment in human capital. Education enriches people’s understanding of themselves and the world. It improves the quality of their lives and leads to broad social benefits to individuals and the society.
- Education increases people’s productivity and creativity and also promotes entrepreneurship and technological advancements.
- Rajasthan inherited a very weak educational set up and system in the state, at the time of its formation. The State Government is making concentrated efforts for improving the socio-economic status of people through better development of education and providing better educational infrastructure.
- The State is endeavoring to achieve the objective of total literacy and quality education through various programmes/ schemes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, Continuing Education Programme & Saakshar Bharat Mission etc.
- In elementary education, the State has achieved remarkable progress during last decade.
- There are 40,184 Primary Schools (PS), 37,034 Upper Primary Schools (UPS) and 28,243 Secondary/Sr. Secondary schools with elementary classes wherein the total enrolment in Government schools is 62.87 lakh.
- Secondary Education is a consistent, uniform bridging link between elementary and higher education.
- In order to prepare students for employment and entrepreneurship, presently there are 13,527 senior secondary/secondary schools and 132 Swami Vivekananda Government Model Schools in Government sector and 14,957 senior secondary/secondary schools in Private Sector are operational in the state.
- Total 43.74 lakh students are enrolled in classes I to XII, which includes 21.66 lakh girls.
- Higher Education Department caters to the management of General Education Universities and Colleges.
- At the time of independence, there were only 7 colleges of General Education in the state, but during last six decades, the number of colleges have exceeded a thousand in the State.
- As a result of the rapid spread of education in Rajasthan, now there are total 1,729 colleges of General Education, out of which there are 192 Government Colleges, 15 Government Law Colleges, 1,509 Private colleges, 7 Self Financing Institutions and 6 Colleges established with Private partnership.
- 814 B.Ed. colleges are also being run by the department.
- There are 24 State Financed Universities, 43 Private Universities and 7 Deemed Universities in the State. Approximately 15 lakh students are enrolled as regular and non-collegiate students in the Higher Education Institutions.
- Sanskrit is known as the Dev Vaani, the language of God. It not only nourishes Indian culture but is also a source of knowledge.
- It is the oldest language of the world and still retains the same form and structure as it was thousand years ago. It is the most scientific language with an amazing potential for word formation.
- Efforts were started for protection and promotion of Sanskrit language soon after the independence of the country.
- Today, there are 15 Sanskrit Universities working in India. Rajasthan is the leading State where a separate Directorate for Sanskrit language has been functioning since its establishment in 1958.
- The Directorate has been working for promoting Sanskrit through its institutions right from school level to Post Graduate level.
- Number of Institutions for Sanskrit Education
- Primary Level: Government 425 and Private 15
- Middle Level: Government 969 and Private 258
- Praveshika Level: Government 229 and Private 73
- Varisth Upadhyaya Level: Government 143 and Private 26
- Shastri (Graduation Level) Level: Government 1 8 and Private 13
- Acharya (Post Graduation Level) Level: Government 11 and Private 14
- India is witnessing the age of science and technology. There is huge demand for technical education in modern age.
- The pattern of life evolving in this age is very much different from the one we would have find in our society, even some fifty years back. Technical Education imparts knowledge of specific trade, craft or profession.
Engineering/ Management Education
- To provide Engineering education at Under Graduate and Post Graduate level, total 118 Engineering Colleges are functional in the State.
- Out of these, 9 are Government aided and 109 are private un-aided Engineering Colleges with total admission capacity of around 52,753 students per year. Similarly, for Management Education at P.G. level, 67 MBA Institutions (5 Government/ Government aided and 62 Private) are functional with an admission capacity of around 5,145 students per year.
- All these U.G. and P.G. level Engineering and MBA institutions are affiliated with Rajasthan Technical University, Kota.
- In addition to it, one Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) at Jodhpur and one Indian Institute of Management (IIM) at Udaipur are also functioning in the State.
- To provide technical education in the State, 197 polytechnic colleges with admission capacity of 50,585 students have been functioning in the year 2016-17, Out of these, 34 are Government co-educational polytechnic colleges with intake capacity of 4,420, eight government women polytechnic colleges (Jaipur, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Ajmer, Kota, Sanganer and Bharatpur), with intake capacity of 1,050 and 155 Private polytechnics are also functioning with intake capacity of 45,115.
Industrial Training Institutes (ITI):
- These are working under skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship (SEE). Craftsman Training facilities in the state are provided through 223 sanctioned Government ITIs having total sanction seats 72,979 till the year 2016-17.
- Out of which, 9 institutes are sanctioned as Women Industrial Training Institutes, viz Ajmer, Alwar, Banswara, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota and Udaipur. Presently admissions are being offered in 138 Government ITIs on 32,359 training seats.
- In addition to this, 1,653 Private ITIs are also providing training on 2,96,528 seating capacity. Craftsman Training Scheme (CTS) training is provided through various Engineering and Non- Engineering trades of duration of one to two years.
Department of College Education
- The Department of College Education was set up in 1958 for the administration and development of College education in the Rajasthan State.
- In 1958 there were only 40 Colleges (24 Government, 13 Aided and 3 Unaided) under its Control.
- The Department is working under the control and administration of the Commissioner, College Education, Rajasthan, Jaipur
- The department plays an important role in bringing about the quantitative and qualitative improvement in the higher education in the State.
- Important Activities of the Department
- Management of existing Government Colleges.
- Opening new colleges in public sector.
- Issuing permanent and temporary NOC to private colleges.
- Distribution of scholarship to students.
- Ensuring quality of Higher Education in the State.
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