Daily Current Events – 22.02.17      

 

INTERNAIONAL

 

  • The International Mother Language Day (IMLD) was observed across the world on 21 February to promote awareness of linguistic, multilingualism and cultural diversity. This year it is the 17th anniversary of IMLD. The observance of this day signifies importance of mother language as the greatest weapon to express one’s feeling. Mother Language of one country is the sign of independence of that country. 2017 Theme: “Towards Sustainable Futures through Multilingual Education”.

 

The IMLD assumes special significance in Bangladesh where scores of people (activists), mostly students and teachers of the Dhaka University, were mercilessly shot down by the Pakistani army in 1952.

The activists had protested against imposition of Urdu as the national language side-stepping Bengali – their mother tongue and the protest came to be known as Language Movement.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

  • India has reached a new milestone in cashless transaction by launching BharatQR, the world’s first interoperable payment acceptance solution. This is the second big ticket initiative from the Centre, after BHIM, towards pushing digital transactions.

 

Quick Response Code (QRCode) is a two-dimensional machine-readable unique pattern that contains information on a specific task.

 

In case of retail payments, QR code eliminates the need of a Point of Sale (PoS, or card swipe) machine for carrying out electronic transaction. If the merchant and the customer are using the same payment application, such as PayTM or a bank’s app, then the customer can scan the merchant’s QR code to make the payment.

 

BharatQR code is an interoperable payment acceptance solution. Even if the merchant and customer are on different payment platforms, BharatQR will enable payment from one to the other. This means that merchants need to display only one QR code instead of multiple ones for different payment platforms. It has been jointly developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), Mastercard, and Visa, BharatQR code would require.

 

it is ideal for small roadside mer chants who find it tough to invest in point-of-sale terminals for card payments. For them, BharatQR is an asset-light and cheap payment solution. There is no need to invest on a terminal hardware.

 

  • Kashmir to observe 2017 as the ‘Year of Apple’

 

J & K Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti has declared 2017 as ‘Year of Apple’ in a major bid to promote the famed Kashmiri apples in domestic and foreign markets.

 

The Chief Minister launched the High Density Apple Plantation Scheme in Srinagar.

 

These high-density plants will be routed through J&K Bank along with the subsidy.

 

Jammu and Kashmir is the largest apple producing State in India at 11.2 metric tonnes, which accounts for 71% of national production.

 

 

  • India beat South Africa in final of ICC Women’s World Cup Qualifier 2017 India has defeated South Africa by one wicket in the final match of ICC Women World Cup Qualifier 2017 held at Colombo, Sri Lanka. India achieved the target of 245 runs on the last ball of the 50th over. Deepti Sharma of Indian was the highest scorer with 71 runs followed by Mona Meshram who made 59 runs. Harmanpreet Kaur remained unbeaten at 41. Earlier, India’s RajeshwariGayakwad had claimed three wickets, while Shikha Pandey took two wickets to bowl out South African team at 244 runs in 49.4 overs. Both women teams already have booked their berths in 2017 ICC World Cup. India was only unbeaten team in the tournament.

 

 

RAJASTHAN

 

 

विलायतीबबूलबनाप्रदेशकेग्रामवासियोंकीअतिरिक्तआमदनीकाजरिया

जयपुर 22 फरवरी, 2017

 

राजस्थानकेवनक्षेत्रएवंवन्यजीवक्षेत्रकेबाहरकेइलाकोंमेंबहुतायतमेंपायाजानेवालाविलायतीबबूलजिसेवानिकीविज्ञानकीभाषामें ’’प्रोसोपिसज्यूलिफ्लोरा’’कहतेहैं।यहविलायतीबबूलप्रदेशकेग्रामवासियोंकीअतिरिक्तआमदनीकाजरियाबनरहाहै।’’विलायतीबबूल’’कीलकड़ीकाबरसोंसेकोयलाबनाने, सोनेचान्दीकोशुद्वकरनेवरसायनिकउर्वरकबनानेमेंउपयोगहोतारहाहैं।देशकीराजधानीदिल्लीइसकोयलेकाबहुतबड़ाबाजारहैं।

 

’’विलायतीबबूल’’वन्यउपजहैएवंइसकेपरिवहनहेतुपरमिटकीआवश्यकताहोतीहैयहराजस्थानकेवनक्षेत्रेंकेबाहरग्रामपंचायतों, चारागाहोंएवंग्रामवासियोंकेधरों , खेतोंएवंबाड़ोंमेंपायाजाताहै।इसवृक्षकोचौरीछुपेकोयलाबनानेववनक्षेतर््केबाहरकेसीधे-सादेग्रामीणोंसेकोड़ीकेभावपरखरीदकरभारीमुनाफाकमानेवालेअनेकगिरोहवमाफियासक्रियथे।इनगिरोहोंकीकमरतोड़नेवप्रदेशकेग्रामवासियोंकोराजस्वक्षेत्रयथाअपनेखेतों, बंजरभूमि, बेकारपड़ीभूमिपरउगे ’’विलायतीबबूल’’सेतैयारकोयलेकाउचितदामदिलाकरआमदनीबढ़ानेकीव्यूहरचनावनविभागकेअधिकारियों, तत्कालीनवनएवंपर्यावरणमंतर््ीएवंप्रदेशकीलोकप्रियमुख्यमंतर््ीश्रीमतीवसुन्धराराजेकेकुशलनेतृत्वमेंतैयारकीगई।

 

श्रीमतीराजेनेगतवर्षमार्च, 2016 में ’’वनउपज’’मानेजानेवाले ’’विलायतीबबूल’’सम्बधीनियमोंकोजनहितमेंउदारबनानेकीधोषणाकीवउसकीपालनामेंगत 24 मई, 2016 कोवनविभागद्वाराइससम्बधमेंअधिसूचनाभीजारीकरदीगईइसकेतहतगैर-वनभूमिसेउत्पादितविलायतीबबूलसेबनायेगयेकोयलेकोप्रदेशसेबाहरबिक्रीहेतुलेजानेकेनियमोंमेंशिथिलताप्रदानकीगईहै।अबप्रदेशकेग्रामवासीगैर-वनभूमिपरउगेविलायतीबबूलसेतैयारकोयलेकोजिलेकेभीतरकहींभीबिक्रीकेलियेलेजानेहेतुपटवारी, पूरेराज्यमेंकहींभीबिक्रीकेलियेलेजानेहेतुतहसीलदारएवंराज्यकेभीतरकहींभीयाराज्यकेबाहरलेजाकरबिक्रीहेतुपरमिट(पास) प्राप्तकरसकतेहैं।नियमोंमेंश्ििथलतासेपूर्वआमआदमी, किसानोंएवंजनजातिकेलोगोंकोविलायतीबबूलसेतैयारकोयलेकेपरिवहनहेतुपरमिटलेनेहेतुपटवारीसेलेकरकलक्टरकेकार्यालयोंकेचक्करलगानेपड़तेथे।अबइनवर्गोंकोपरमिटमिलनेकीसरकारीलेटलतीफीप्रक्रियासेनिजातमिलीहै।

 

राज्यसरकारकेइसकदमसेअभिभूतवनविभागकेप्रधानमुख्यवनसंरक्षकश्रीए0के0 गोयलकाकहनाकिइसनिर्णयसेएकतरफजहॉराज्यसरकारकोचोरीछुपेविलायतीबबूलकेकोयलेकीतस्करीपरलगामलगानेमेंमददमिलेगीवहींअबनियमोंकेसरलीकरणसेग्रामवासियोंवकोयलाउत्पादनवबिक्रीकेव्यापारमेंलगेप्रदेशवासियोंकोकोयलेकाउचितमूल्यमिलनेलगेगावहीजैसे-जैसेजागरूकताबढ़ेगीवैसे-वैसेव्यापारियोंकेबीचप्रतिस्पर्धाबढ़ेगी।इसव्यवसायमेंग्रामवासीसेलेकरसभीश्रेणीकेमंझलेवलघुव्यवसायियोंकीआमदनीमेंइजाफाहोगा।अतिरिक्तमुख्यसचिव, वनएवंपर्यावरणराजस्थानसरकारश्रीएन0सी0 गोयलकाकहनाहैकिनियमोंमेंदीगईशिथिलतासेपूर्वकोयलेकेइसव्यापारमेंलगेमाफियाबहुतसस्तीदरोंमेंकोयलाखरीदकरलेजातेथेवभारीमुनाफाकमातेथेअबउसपरनकेललगेगीवथोड़ीमात्रमेंकोयलेकीउपजवालेग्रामवासीवव्यापारीअपनीआमदनीमेंबढ़ोतरीकरआर्थिकरूपसेओरआत्मनिर्भरबनसकेगें।

 

विलायतीबबूलजहॉंग्रामवासियोंवकिसानोंकेलियेजलानेकीलकड़ीकेरूपमेंएकअच्छाईंधनहैवहींइसकीजलनेकीआंचभीतेजहोतीहैसाथहीयहवृक्षअगरखेतकेचारोंऔरमेड़बनाकरलगायाजायेतोनीलगायवअन्यमवेशियोंकेप्रवेशपरभीरोकलगेगीवकिसानअपनीफसलोंकानुकसानहोनेसेबचासकतेहैं।विलायतीबबूलमिट्टीकेकटावकोरोकताहैयहहमेशाहरारहताहैसाथहीइसेपानीकीकमआवश्यकतापड़तीहै।

 

विलायतीबबूलफूल, तोकांटेभीविलायतीबबूलजहॉआमदनीकाजरियाहैवहींइसकेकुछनुकसानभीहैं।यहवृक्षअन्यदेशीप्रजातियोंकोअपनेआस-पासपनपनेनहींदेताहैक्योंकियहएकजंगलीपेड़हैइसलिएकिसानोंवग्रामीणोंकोचाहियेकिवेइसेकेवलजहॉबंजर, बेकारयाएकदमअनुपयोगीभूमिहोवहींइसेफैलनेदेवे।एकबारपेड़तैयारहोनेपरइसेजड़सेउपरतककाटकरजलानेमेंकाममेंलेंयाकोयलातैयारकरलें।थोड़ेसमयबादयहपुनःप्रस्फुटितहोकरपूर्णवृक्षकारूपलेंलेताहैवइससेकोयलातैयारकरनिरन्तरआमदनीलीजासकतीहै।यहॉंयहभीउल्लेखनीयहैकिवनविभागइसेबढ़ावानहींदेताहै, क्योंकियहअपनेमरूस्थलीयप्रदेशकीप्राकृतिकवनस्पतियोंकोपनपनेनहींदेताहै।

It is the state tree of Rajasthan and Telangana in India. A large and well-known example of the species is the Tree of Life in Bahrain – approximately 400 years old and growing in a desert devoid of any obvious sources of water.

 

It is also the national tree of the United Arab Emirates.

State flower of Rajasthan Rohida (Tecomella Undulata)

2015 decisions of Government,  to lift ban on uprooting ‘VilayatiBabool’ (prosopisjuliflora) from the farmland.Earlier, it was allowed to chop the tree but uprooting was not allowed.

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