Dimension of ethics: Role of administrators in society and educational institution in the inculcating Ethics in private and public relationships- Behaviour, Moral and Political attitudes of administrators.
Public administration depends on government. Government has the function for public administration. Its responsibility is to build a road by creating the environment which is beneficial to national economic development and increasing people‟s income, ensuring that everybody has opportunity. The government should offer people opportunities fairly. As for everybody in the society, only when opportunities are offered equally can we have equality. A harmonious society should provide opportunities for everyone in the society and let them participate and share them. Of course, because of people‟s different history, family culture and individual background, their ability and degree are quite different. But in the government‟s view, fair, equal opportunities should be given to everybody so that they can participate in the economic development. Besides, everyone in the society should have the opportunity to enjoy and share the fruit of social and economic development. So a basic condition for a harmonious society is to create various opportunities for everyone to develop and share the fruit of its achievement. Only through public administration can everyone have such fair opportunity and realize its benefits. Historically, colleges and universities saw their purpose as educating individuals to be productive, civic-minded individuals. General education was the curricular structure used to provide students with the skills and knowledge that promoted moral and ethical behavior. As societal forces changed the complexion of higher education, the singular purpose of a college education also changed.
Aim of education throughout history has been to form character and produce good citizensIf students are to be ethical and moral citizens, they must have the tools with which to engage fully in their roles beyond the university setting.An essential mission of undergraduate education, then, is the fostering in students of ability and a willingness to engage in „reflective morality.‟
Different Attitudes are:-
Discipline: Those officers who wish to lead other people should be disciplined people. They should always remember that effective leadership involves exemplary character, hard work and transparent integrity. Good conduct is one of the criteria for promotion. Officers should be familiar with government regulations and rules regarding good conduct. Loyalty: Officers who want to lead must ensure they possess and display unquestionable loyalty to their superiors as well as the government of the day. They must put loyalty to the highest moral principles and to the country above loyalty to persons, party or government department. Honesty: Civil servants should be honest in carrying out their duties and in their dealings with the public. They should realise that they are paid salaries for the duties which they perform; and demand or receive nothing in money or kind from anyone in the performance of their duties except their normal entitlements. Courage: Civil servants must be courageous in carrying out their duties. They must never discriminate by the dispensing of special favours or privileges to anyone, whether for remuneration or not; and never accept, for himself or herself or for family members, favours or benefits under circumstances which might be construed by reasonable persons as influencing the performance of duties. Courtesy: Civil servants must be polite at all times in executing their daily duties. It costs nothing to be polite to your colleagues and the general public served by you. Remember that polite instructions are usually more easily obeyed. Also, members of the public always cherish courtesy and consideration for civil servants. Courtesy in the office and to the general public makes it easier to get on with other people. In fact, a loaded schedule of duties or any other circumstance cannot justify bad temper by civil servants. Co-Operation: As no one is an island, no one is totally independent. We all need each other for survival. Nobody knows it all. It is imperative for all staff in the department of a ministry to cooperate as a team in order to realise the overall objective of the department. The officers and staff of a ministry should work together as a team to attain the goals of the ministry. Tact: “Tact” means skilfulness in handling a difficult situation without giving offence to the people involved. This is very necessary in the public service. Skill in dealing with people by creating an impression of willingness to be of assistance enhances the efficiency of the office and gives the public satisfaction. Uphold these principles, ever conscious that public office is a public trust.
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