DMPQ-Examine the growth of temple architecture under the Vijayanagar rule.

  • The temple building activity further gained momentum during the Vijayanagar rule.
  • The chief characteristics of the Vijayanagara architecture were the construction of tall Raya Gopurams or gateways and the Kalyanamandapam with carved pillars in the temple premises.
  • The sculptures on the pillars were carved with distinctive features. The horse was the most common animal found in these pillars.
  • Large mandapams contain one hundred pillars as well as one thousand pillars in some big temples. These mandapams were used for seating the deity on festival occasions.
  • Also, many Amman shrines were added to the already existing temples during this period.
  • The most important temples of the Vijayanagar style were found in the Hampi ruins or the city of Vijayanagar. Vittalaswamy and Hazara Ramaswamy temples were the best examples of this style.
  • The Varadharaja and Ekamparanatha temples at Kanchipuram stand as examples for the magnificence of the Vijayanagara style of temple architecture.

 

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