Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)- Annual Report

Annual report of Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) was recently released by the government, for the period of July 2020 to June 2021.

As per report, unemployment rate or proportion of persons in labour force who could not find jobs, decreased to 4.2 per cent in July 2020-June 2021 as opposed to 4.8 per cent last year.

In 2018-19, the unemployment rate was 5.8 per cent, while 6.1 per cent in 2017-18.

Joblessness has decreased gradually during four years till 2020-21.

Unemployment rate among males has decreased to 4.5 per cent in 2020-21, as compared to 5.1 % in 2019-20, 6 % in 2018-19 and 6.2 % in 2017-18.

Unemployment rate among females decreased to 3.5 per cent 2020-21 as compared to 4.2 per cent in 2019-20.


Worker Population Ratio (WPR)


Worker Population Ratio is defined as the percentage of employed persons in population. The report notes that, worker population ratio has increased to 39.8 per cent in 2020-21, against 38.2 in 2019-20. WPR among females has also increased to 24.2 per cent in 2020-21, against 21.8 per cent in 2019-20. WPR among males increased to 54.9 per cent against 53.9 per cent in 2019-20.


Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR)


The Labour Force Participation rate is defined as percentage of persons in labour force. This rate has also improved to 41.6 per cent in 2020-21, as compared to 40.1 per cent in 2019-20. LFPR among males has also increased to 57.5 per cent in 2020-21, against 56.8 per cent in 2019-20. Among females, this rate has increased to 25.1 per cent in 2020-21.


Spill Over Effect


According to MOSPI, fieldwork of PLFS was discontinued for the first time on March 18, 2020, amid COVID-19 pandemic. It was resumed in June 2020. Thus, the report had a spill-over effect on completion of fieldwork that was allotted for survey from July 2020 to June 2021.


About Periodic Labour Force Survey


Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) is conducted by MOSPI, with the objectives of estimating the key employment and unemployment indicators such as Labour Force Participation Rate, Worker Population Ratio and Unemployment Rate, in short interval of three months for urban areas in ‘Current Weekly Status’ (CWS).



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