The caste system is India’s nemesis and has severely restricted the country’s ability to realise its immense potential and become a great nation in science,technology, knowledge, art, sport and economic prosperity.
Studies suggest that 94% of marriages are endogamous; 90% of menial jobs are performed by the deprived castes, whereasthis figure isreversed in white-collarjobs. This abysmal lack of caste diversity, especially at the decision-making levelsin varioussectors — the media, the judiciary, higher education, bureaucracy orthe corporate sector — is weakening these institutions and their performance.
It is indeed strange that while caste plays such a dominant role in our social, economic and political life, no credible and comprehensive caste data exists for more than half the population of our country.
Need For Caste Census
Benefit in Policy Making: The purpose of a caste censusis not merely geared to the reservation issue; a caste census would actually bring to the fore the large number of issues that any democratic country needsto attend to, particularly the number of people who are at the margins, or who are deprived, or the kind of occupations they pursue.
Also Reveal Privileged Section of Society: Caste is not only a source of disadvantage; it is also a very important source of privilege and advantage in our society.
Caste Has Important Position in Indian Society: While census data has been captured for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, religions and linguistic profiles, there has been no profiling of all castes in India since 1931.
To Address Prevalent Inequalities: Unequal distribution of wealth, resources and education has meant an acute shortage of purchasing power among the majority of Indians.
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