· Telangana’s spend on infrastructure highest in the country
ð Between 2011 and 2019, Telangana spent the highest amount of money in the country on economic development and infrastructure. At 63% of the budget allocation spent on economic development and infrastructure, the state is way above the national average.
ð These statistics were revealed by the latest nationwide report on state finances by research body PRS. While Telangana is on the top, neighbouring Andhra Pradesh spent 33% of its allocation.
ð Expenditure on economic development and infrastructure involves all allocations made in agriculture, irrigation, urban and rural development, housing, energy, and construction of roads and bridges. Expenditure on these sectors leads to creation of infrastructure in the state.
ð From 2011-2019, states spent 68% of their budget on developmental expenditure, and 30% on non-developmental expenditure. The remaining 2% was apportioned as grants-in-aid and contributions, including those given to local bodies and panchayati raj institutions.
ð Expenditure by states is classified into three categories – general services, administration services and social services. General services category includes expenditure on administrative services, police, and payment of interest and pensions. Social services include expenditure on education, health, water supply and sanitation, housing, urban development, and welfare of backward communities. Economic services include expenditure on agriculture and allied activities, rural development, irrigation, energy, and transportation infrastructure. The first category is called non-developmental expenditure. Other two categories are termed as developmental expenditure.
- Sittwe Port in Myanmar- constructed with India’s assistance
- The construction of Sittwe Port is part of the Kaladan Multi Modal Transit Transport Project. Its objective is to create a multi-modal sea, river and road transport corridor for shipment of cargo from the eastern ports of India to Myanmar through Sittwe port as well as to North-Eastern part of India via Myanmar.
- Once fully operational, the project would encourage investment and trade and also open up alternate routes for connectivity to India’s North East Region.
· ASI declared 6 monuments of National Importance in 2018
♦ The 125-year-old Old High Court Building in Nagpur, Maharashtra;
♦ Two Mughal-era monuments in Agra – Haveli of Agha Khan and Hathi Khana;
♦ The ancient Neemrana Baori in Rajasthan’s Alwar district;
♦ The Group of Temples at Ranipur Jharail in Odisha’s Bolangir district;
♦ The Vishnu Temple in Kotali, Pithoragarh district, Uttarakhand
are the Six monuments that have been listed.
- In 2016 and 2017, no new monument was included in the list of sites of national importance.
- The last monument to be included in the list, in 2015, was the Vishnu Temple in Nadavayal in Kerala’s Wayanad district.
- Maharashtra to host 2nd edition of Khelo India Youth Games
- Maharashtra is all set to host the second edition of Khelo India Youth Games which will officially begin on 09 January in Pune.
- More than 9000 players from different states will participate in 18 different games at Khelo India Youth Games.
- It was introduced by Ministry of Sports and Youth affairs to revive sports culture in India at grass-root level. Its objective is to build strong framework for all sports played in our country and establish India as great sporting nation.
· Cabinet cleared the redrafted Citizenship Amendment Bill
- TheJoint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) on the contentious Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016recommended that the Assam government should help settle migrants especially in places which are not densely populated, thus, causing a lesser impact on the demographic changes and providing succour to the indigenous Assamese people.
- The Union Cabinetcleared the redrafted Citizenship Amendment Bill and it will be tabled in Parliament. The Bill paves the way to grant citizenship to six religious minorities: Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians, and Buddhists, from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh who came to India before 2014.
- The BJP-ruled Assam showed strong resistance to the bill as it would pave the way for giving citizenship for people came after March 1971 in Assam, which adds burden to the State, in violation of the Assam Accord of 1985.
· Cabinet approved a Constitution Amendment Bill to provide 10 percent reservation
- The Cabinet approved a Constitution Amendment Billto provide 10% reservation to the economically backward sections in the general category. The Bill will also cover those from the Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Buddhist and other minority communities.
- The quota will be over and above the existing50% reservation to the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes (OBC). The government is likely to bring a Constitution Amendment bill in Parliament. According to article 368, the Bill must be passed in each House by an absolute majority (over 50% of total membership) and a two-thirds majority of members present and voting.
Eligibility of the people
♦ People earning Iess lakh annually
♦ People who own farm land below 5 acres
♦ People own a measuring less than 1,000 sq ft
♦ In its famous lndra Sawhney judgment, the Supreme Court had set a ap of 50% on quotas
♦ A Constitutional Amendment Bill would be required as the Constitution does not provide for reservation on the ground of economic conditions. It envisages Amendments to Articles 15 and 16 of the Constitution.
· A 70-point grading index is launched to assess the quality of school education
- The HRD ministry introduced a 70-point grading index to assess the quality of school education offered by states.
- A state performance grading will be done wherein the states will be marked out of 1,000 scores on 70 parameters.
- By doing so the ministry expects that it will give the correct picture of where every state stands and will create an atmosphere of a fair competition to improve each other’s performances.
- In another move the ministry has also decided to print more books of the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) as against only 2 crore books two years ago.
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